Land is a critical factor in urban development and is a basic natural resource, which today, has reached a stage of scarcity in urban areas as a result of rapid urbanization process. This situation calls for an economical and efficient utilization of this resource, which makes systematic planning and management of land very important..The study by looking at the causes, implications, impacts and response options of the challenges of land management and administration and identification of determinants WTP of developers for land would make significant for both academicians and practitioners. Its Practical significance includes input among other things to land managers, administrators and policy makers so as to use it in policy formulation, reformulation regarding land management and development of the study area. It is also hoped also that the finding of this study would help as a benchmark and source of information through providing important insight for academic researchers who want to do further research on land management and development issues.So i highly advice you to buy and read the book.
Population trends currently indicate that more than half of Ghana’s population currently lives in urban areas. The pressures of urbanization and fast growing population of the cities have therefore impacted on land management. This study analyzed land management practices in Accra and Kumasi in view of rapid urbanization. The study analyzed issues such as the operation of the land markets in the cities – trend of land use, ownership and land values, sources and process of land acquisition. Customary land ownership in the two cities constitutes about 90%. The value of land in Accra is relatively higher than in Kumasi. Accra has only one recognized customary land secretariat (CLS) whose power is limited to only Gbawe. It was also found that many individuals, families and stools own land in Accra as compared to Kumasi where all the lands belong to Asantehene under the caretaker chiefs. This makes resolution of conflicts on land in Kumasi easier as compared to Accra. Problems associated with land management include inadequate logistics, poor documentation of transactions, fragmented institutions, inadequate cooperation and coordination among the Land Sector Agencies (LSAs),
Urban areas are growing at a very fast pace. Hence, Planning, development and management of urban areas, especially in the developing countries gain prime importance.Accuracy of the information is the prime requirement for Planning, development and management of the land parcels especially in the urban areas where the land is scarce. Hence there is a need to organize spatial information system for urban planning and management. A land information system gives support to land planning and management by providing information about the land, the resources upon it and the improvements made to it. Already existing Information systems like National Urban Information System (NUIS), Land Management Information System (LMIS) and Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) has been studied and found to be devoid of certain information for effective utilization.Hence an Integrated Information System with comprehensive land information system has been developed for urban planning, development and management at different Planning Levels. In addition, a plot level L.I.S has been generated in Geographical Information System (GIS) platform for effective implementation.
As urban green areas are centers of public recreation and rendezvous, they should be incorporated in the city master plan in order to get proper management and development. However, these urban areas, especially cooperative housing green areas and street trees in Addis Ababa are facing problems related to their development and management. The prime objectives of this study are therefore to find out challenges and opportunities for the development and management of cooperative housing green areas and street trees. To deal the issue under study effectively, the study employed mixed research methods and used questionnaire, in-depth interview, focus group discussion, observation, and desk review for data collection. Therefore,the study is significant in terms of identifying the challenges and opportunities for the development and management of cooperative housing green areas and street trees in Nifas silk Lafto Sub-city within Addis Ababa
Land Management, Town Planning and Development practitioners as well as students would find this book especially very useful. Development NGOs and local government authorities can sufficiently rely on this book to give them an insight into the conditions, practices and circumstances that work against the ability of rural land owners and poor peasant/tenant farmers from eking out their livelihoods on sustainable basis from their most precious resource - Land; especially those within the peripheries of urban areas. Furthermore, the book exposes the loopholes in the planning and implementation of urban development policies in the cities and towns of many developing countries like Ghana. It provides appropriate suggestions on how to tackle and resolve the challenges confronting local land owners, tenant farmers, Town Planners and the Central Government in a bid to ensure that livelihood needs of these marginalised groups are obtained in a more sustainable manner even as there is invasion and succession of land uses on their farmlands in the wake of urbanisation, immigration and high rate of urban population increases among others.
The book focuses on factors and consequences of the changes of population composition of the Rajshahi City of Bangladesh. Population composition refers to those characteristics of population which are measurable and which help us distinguish one group of people from the other. Change in population composition of urban area affects the urban population size, household number, education, occupation, income, expenditure, land use, infrastructure and urban facilities. Sometimes a large number of populations increase in urban area due to immense rate of rural-urban migration creates burden to the limited national resources making almost impossible to improve the living standard of the urban dwellers. So it is essential to build a comprehensive Policy to deal with this complex national problem.
The global wastewater generation is increasing at an exponential rate and this is as a result of rapid population growth and urbanization. A huge volume of untreated wastewater is dumped directly into our water resources, threatening human health, ecosystems, biodiversity, food security and the sustainability of our water resources. Only a small fraction of the total volume of wastewater collected in developing cities is treated at the secondary level. In Kenya, urbanization is increasing at a very high rate and the speed at which slums are coming up is alarming. Given the sheer density of urban living and the way slums and their cities are interrelated, the impact of poor sanitation as a result of poor waste water management is worst in the urban area than in rural areas. All these impact negatively on the health stability, environmental issues and economic values of any region. With the expanding population in Kisumu demand for services such as portable water and wastewater management/treatment is increasing; 60% of Kisumu’s population has no access to safe drinking water as only 20% of the waste (solid and wastewater) produced is properly collected and dumped.
The problem of urban informal settlements has occupied academic discourse for a long time. This study was carried out in Eldoret Municipality, Uasin Gishu District, and Rift Valley Province, Kenya. It examined urban informal settlements in respect to environmental planning and management within Eldoret Town. The rationale of the study is the emergence of the informal settlements and their resultant effects on the environment. The objectives of the study focused on mapping of land use/land cover changes in Huruma and Munyaka settlements within Eldoret the years 1989 to 2006, identifying the environmental problems and proposing possible solutions to the environmental problems. The mapping of land use/land cover changes was achieved using aerial photographs of 1989 and 2006. In Huruma settlement, results indicate that within the study period there was an increase of 10% in the built up area, while in Munyaka there was a massive increase of 56%. The recommendations made EMC are; provision of information on land use development to stakeholders, 'citywide’ approach in the planning and management of settlements, integrated land management system and environmental awareness.
Proper urban drainage management is core to safely discharge flood generated within an urban area or from external source in to final receiving systems or to encourage on-site infiltration. With urban development flood hazard increases due to imperiousness and this reduces the infiltration capacity of a land. Similarly with the foundation of Mekelle city, flood generation became a core problem as a result of deforestation and impervious structures. According to various studies, urban storm water drainage facilities provision in it had started with road construction. Since then the municipality has tried its best to provide drainage facilities in different periods of time. But, generally, urban storm water drainage management in the city is very minimal. Because of this land degradation, river bank erosion, urban utilities degradation, natural water ways pollution and siltation and related problems are common phenomenon. The conventional way of urban drainage management is also the other problem to manage storm water in the city. That is why, this study has given a due attention to find out what real problems exist in managing the drainage system. This study is Road-map to Part-II
This work discusses the Ethiopian urban land lease policy and its characteristics, challenges of its implementation and the remedies to be under taken. Achieving efficient land use, encouraging investors and investment and realizing the cost of urban land and make an efficient use of it are some of the major national and regional goals in Ethiopia. To achieve these goals, the government of Ethiopia has accepted urban land lease policy as the alternative land tenure system so as to provide a room for individuals and investors to land to use land use rights through transferring from the state to land users. However, Opinions collected from residents, investors and financial institutions in Addis Ababa and the lease towns of the Amhara national regional state indicate that there are problems related to the implementation of the policy in an efficient utilization of urban land in encouraging investment and the appropriate use of the money generated from lease. Hence, the writer argues that Institutional constraints, legal gaps and proper land and mortgage registration systems should be given due attention so as to get the desired objectives of the lease policy.
It is indisputable that land is the basis for all kinds of livelihood in all regions of the world especially in Rwanda where it constitutes the most important factors of production and survival. Many land owners do not use their land while others do not have land but they wish to use it. As result, land becomes a property to be sold and this result in what is commonly known as land market. This market is recognized and accepted but the process and mechanism through which operate only matters. Policies, regulations, procedures and laws enforcing the better use and management of land especially in urban areas are not legitimately followed by land market actors. This Book analyzes the functioning of land market in Nyanza Town, Rwanda; with three specific objectives: (1) Evaluation of the state of land acquisition and land transaction in terms of legality, cost and value, (2) Identification of factors influencing land market and the actors of this market and (3) Provide alternative solution for land market efficiency in Nyanza Town.
Urban & infrastructure development are the two faces of a coin. Without urban infrastructure devt urban devt is unthinkable.I.e. urban infrastructure greatly affects the welfare of citizens & is a necessary tool for the efficient functioning of an urban economy. The reliability & efficiency of infrastructure provision through integration is very important to urban localities through the responsive act of all parties involved in urban development. Urban infrastructure could be provided either on the surface, in the underground or overhead. With urbanization the provision & management of such infrastructures becomes complicated & may be difficult to manage with traditional systems. Thus, integration will enable urban areas to alleviate such problems. The absence of urban infrastructure integration leads to redundancy of activities & resources. Therefore, infrastructure integration through spatial, financial & institutional aspects plays a vital role to wisely use the available resources for different urban development issues on priority basis. It also strengthens the relationship among the different utility providing institutions to plan, implement & monitor their activities.
"Development Immersion" exposes the students of Business Management to the issues of poverty, inequality and development in rural and urban context; makes them understand the status, issues and interventions related to livelihoods, health and education; helps them to critically look at the roles of different stakeholders (govt., NGOs and corporate) in the process of development at the grassroots and facilitates self-reflection process to connect self (as a business management professional) in development process.
In in adequate solid waste management is certainly one of the major contributing factors degrading the urban environment quality in Gambia. Strategic Environmental Assessment helps decision makers reach a better understanding of how environmental, social and economic considerations merge together. The study found that the residents of the municipality were reasonably aware of the benefits of proper solid waste management in relation to health, aesthetic value and tourism with regards to clean environment which needs to be enhanced. Significant challenges that need to be addressed in the future include inter among others: greater environmental awareness, waste monitoring, proper enforcement of waste related legislation and encouraging public participation in addressing waste management in The Gambia for a clean and healthy for environment for all to cherish.
Urbanization is a term that represents the level of urbanization relative to the overall population living within urban areas. The rate of urbanization, on the other hand, refers to the speed at which a country is urbanizing. Urban areas have long been associated with economic growth and prosperity. However, as populations, industries and services get attracted to urban centers, urbanization, if not well managed, may come with a number of environmental challenges, prominent among which are water and air pollution, poor solid and liquid waste management, disappearance of urban greenery, loss of biological diversity, and sub-urban sprawl. The environmental challenges faced by urban planners and managers, as well as urban dwellers in general form the basis of this book. The book tries to highlight the causes and effects of these environmental challenges, particularly in less developed countries, and suggests possible codes of practice that might minimize the challenges. Among the suggestions proffered is the need for environmental education, public involvement and urban planning that integrates environmental considerations at all stages of urbanization and urban development.