The study aimed to explore how three dimensions of BJW, personal, ultimate and immanent, relate to well-being in mothers of normal and Down syndrome children. It was assumed that personal BJW and belief in ultimate justice will be positively related with life satisfaction and mood level and negatively related with depression and anxiety in both groups of mothers. Moreover, these relationships would be stronger for mothers of a Down syndrome child compared to mothers of normal children. A set of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that personal BJW was the strongest predictor of all aspects of well-being. Belief in ultimate justice was negatively related to anxiety in mothers of a Down syndrome child while it was positively related to anxiety in mothers of normal children. Contrary to the expectations, belief in immanent justice was positively related to life satisfaction and mood level in the two groups of mothers. The pattern of results persisted when controlled for demographic and psychological factors. The findings support the role of personal BJW as a personal resource in adverse as well as in normal circumstances.
This paper extends research on the relation between crime and happiness by investigating the impact of serious and less serious crime (i.e. incorrect behavior) on subjective wellbeing using a representative survey of the Dutch adult population in 2008. We also control for variables reflecting trust, health and social norms, in addition to standard demographic and socio-economic characteristics. We find that people who feel healthy, have more trust in others and have higher social norms are in general happier. We find evidence of an indirect effect of victimization on well-being via trust, health and social norms. The remaining effect of victimization on well-being, keeping trust, social norms, and health constant, is quite weak.
As the divorce rate consistently rises, single parent families are becoming increasingly prevalent. Despite the marked increase in single custodial parents, research on this population (and more importantly into positive aspects such as subjective well-being) has been neglected. This study explores and describes the subjective well-being, including satisfaction with life and general happiness, of a sample of divorced, single custodial parents. The study identifies patterns among the aspects of subjective well-being investigated, providing support for some of the factors believed to contribute to subjective well-being. This study adds to the emerging body of research employing a positive psychology framework and is a positive step in creating an understanding of the construct of subjective well-being as experienced by a population that is under researched. This book is also valuable on a clinical level as it provides a better understanding of the subjective well-being of divorced, single parents. This information could inform healthcare workers during therapeutic interventions; and non-governmental organisations during the provision of workshops or support groups for single parents.
How do farm children evaluate their lives as a whole? Using the framework of Ed Diener, this paper explores farm children’s positive emotions, negative emotions, global life judgment and work satisfaction that will ultimately reflect their subjective well-being (SWB). It also discusses the nature of farm work engagement of these children and their positive and negative experiences on it. Using qualitative data, the paper found out that children are involved in different farming activities. In particular, the theme found on children’s positive experiences on farm includes the social reward of farming while prominent on their negative experiences are the physical injuries, negative bodily response and environmental hazards brought about by their work. Using quantitative data the paper found out that they have high level of SWB. The high level of SWB among children engaged in farming is characterized by high levels of positive emotion, global life judgment and work satisfaction, and low level of negative emotion. More so, significant differences on the level of SWB between in-school and out-of-school farm children were highlighted.
Towards the second half of last century some psychologists, upon observing an overwhelming emphasis on negative mood states in psychology, and recognizing the positive in human beings, started to explore into the scientific study of subjective well-being (SWB = happiness). Oftentimes, the cancer patients and caregivers (family members) are not completely merged in such experience on their own, but there is an interplay of cancer experience and its concerns, which mutually affects the patients and caregivers in terms of their SWB. Thus, this study on SWB (happiness) examined the range of well-being of cancer patients and their caregivers from misery to elation. This book can be a valuable contribution to know how cancerous cancer is, not only to the patients’ SWB but also to the caregivers’ SWB. It also deals with how they cope with their own life demands and draws guidelines that may be of help to professionals who are involved in counseling such population. This work enlightens the cancer patients on their situation and their multifaceted needs enabling caregivers to comprehend their family member in a positive light, improve caring skills and enter into cure-giving process.
This longitudinal study examined factors that can contribute to subjective well-being of primary caregivers to family members with mental illness. Personality constructs, coping behaviours and caregiving burden were explored. The personality constructs included optimism, goal adjustment capacities and unmitigated communion. It was found that while high levels of burden compromise subjective well-being, certain personality traits and coping behaviors can mitigate the negative effects of burden. For example, optimism was found to predict better well-being, especially when burden was not high; the ability to let go of unattainable goals is a protective factor that predicts better subjective well-being; similarly the ability to identify and pursue new, attainable goals is a protective factor, unless one is trying to engage in too many goals and risks being stretched too thin. Over-involvement with the needs of others to the exclusion of one’s own needs (unmitigated communion) can compromise well-being. Coping behaviors were mostly emotion-based and self-blame was ‘coping of choice’ in many cases.
The current study investigates the relationship between emotional intelligence, psychological and subjective well-being with a sample of 300 students. The age range of students were between 16 to 25 years. Sample was gathered from different universities and colleges of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Emotional intelligence became the main area of concern after the work of Goleman (1988), according to him IQ represents only 20% achievement in person's life, and rest decided through emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence supports social functioning, fulfillment, meaning in life and satisfaction with life. The study demonstrates the relationship of emotional intelligence, psychological and subjective well-being on sample regarding age, education and gender. The significant results was gathered on demographics which also highlight the cultural aspects.
This book reviews the latest and scientific knowledge about subjective well-being: its definitions, causes and consequences particularly with reference to children. The book explores the links between subjective well-being and variety of personal and biological factors including gender, age and academic achievement through the help of especially designed study. The concluding chapter highlights the level of subjective well-being of Pakistani children. Furthermore, reveals the synergies between subjective well-being, Age, gender and academic achievement.
Income inequalities and subjective well-being are important measures of socio-economic cohesion around the globe. Although a considerable share of resources in emerging economies stems from their rural areas, limited data availability precludes important insights into the overall socio-economic tissue of the developing world. This monograph seeks to advance our knowledge on various dimensions of inequalities and well-being with particular emphasis on rural Pakistan, using unique survey data. Our analysis offers several policy recommendations on various important socio-economic factors. Indeed, some of the results of this study might also illuminate the policy debate in other geographic areas with similar profiles.
Infertility is a major medical and psychosocial concern in the world. Infertility has many psychological and social implications for infertile couples. This study explores the impact of infertility on marital adjustment and mental well being of couples living in South Punjab, Pakistan. The research supports the contention that infertility affects the quality of marital relationships and the quality of mental well being of infertile couples.
From the 1950s when development of the third world countries became a major concern of the developed world, development interventions in third world countries focused on helping the poor countries to develop.It was believed that once poor countries become modernized, achieving developed became automatic since development was conceived of as being universal and desirable. The inability of such development paradigms to help poor countries develop witnessed paradigm shift from focusing on things to people centered development for which the human development paradigm has become the major player in advocating for peoples' wellbeing. The book presents data on how focusing on the actors’ understanding and interpretation of wellbeing becomes important in the design and implementation of development interventions in responding to the actors’ felt needs to enhance their wellbeing. This book should be useful to development policy makers, Non-Governmental Organizations, Community Development Workers as well as academicians in the area of Community Development if these development protagonists are to make meaning to those affected by development programs especially in developing countries.
GDP and Happiness argues that GDP per capita is far from a robust indicator of human welfare, and that its inappropriate use can result into misguided policy decisions. The author examines various approaches to the measurement of subjective well- being and social welfare that have been developed for the construction of alternatives to GDP. He further discusses the connections of these approaches with economic theory, and compares measures of progress centered on people''s well-being and quality of life. Special attention is devoted to the feasibility of implementing these measures, and using them for policy applications. Both objective and subjective dimensions of well-being are important and valuable in enriching policy discussion, and giving information about the conditions which affect common people''s happiness. It is suggested that the time has ripen for measurement systems to shift attention from measuring economic output to measuring people''s overall welfare. These systems complement traditional financial indexes with sets of quality of life indicators based on measures of sustainability, and social and subjective well-being.
A theoretical and practical guide to the implementation of a well-being programme in secondary schools.
Lights, camera action! In the contemporary world, movie, film, motion pictures, cinema, the big screen, the silver screen or any other synonym is a well-known concept across the globe. This study firstly explored whether individuals can identify character strengths depicted by characters in positive psychology movies. Furthermore, we investigated whether their existing character strengths and well-being are augmented or developed through viewing these films