The main purpose of this study was to determine response of the farmers towards Integrated Plant Nutrition System (IPNS). Ninety respondents were selected following two-stage proportionate random sampling technique. The study also aimed at explaining the assessment of the present status of IPNS at farmers level. The findings indicated that most of the respondents were middle aged (66.7%) had primary level of education (61.1%), had small farm size (60%) and a small family size (51.1%). The respondents had medium extension contact (58.9%) and medium organizational participation (55.6%). It was also found that most of the respondents were early adopters (42.2%) with a medium knowledge on IPNS. The respondents had favorable attitude with medium to high response (68%) towards IPNS. Moreover, education, extension contact, cosmopoliteness, innovativeness and balanced fertilizer use had strong and positive relationship with the knowledge, attitude and skill of the respondents to IPNS. Farmers’ extension contact and their innovativeness contributed significantly to develop their favorable response to IPNS. Among the problems shortage of cowdung were more predominant.
Studies On Effect Of Integrated Plant Nutrition Systems On Dalbergia Latifolia Seedlings- There Is No Clear Cut Fertilizer Schedule For Rose Wood Seedlings In The Nursery As Well As Tree In Plantation.in Order To Obtain Robust And Healthy Seedlings,proper Fertilizer Management Is Essential Under Nursery Conditions. At This Juncture,the Present Research Work Has Been Contemplated To Optimize The Fertilizer Schedule For Dalbergia Latifolia Seedlings.
Sustainable increase in agricultural production relies on the optimum use of available resources, and integrated plant nutrient management system can serve better option in the developing countries like Nepal. Appropirate extension approach greatly determines the adoption of integrated plant nutrient management systems by farmers and its impacts on social and economic spheres. This study gives indicative results of the integrated approach of plant nutrient management and the Farmer’s field school in Sanga VDC, Kavre Nepal. Results from this study are considered to be important for the researchers and academicians as well as to the development workers who are working in the field of sustainable agriculture.
The application of paddy intensification program in Indonesia using continuously synthetic chemical fertilizer and pesticide by the farmers in their paddy fields in every paddy growing season, slowly but surely, has generated less favorable impacts to quality of ecosystem and to the high production cost. It has generated an idea “back to nature” through the development of organic rice farming system using organic fertilizer and pesticide. However, planting paddy using organic farming system has not been done progressively. This book presents the results of the research which identifies farmers’ motivation factors to plant paddy using organic or conventional farming system in the village of Sumber Ngepoh, East Java province, Indonesia. The economic, social, ecological, cultural, and information factors which very strongly motivate them to apply organic or conventional farming system are presented in this book.
Cotton is the most important fiber crop of Indian farming community and plays an important role in agrarian and rural economy of India. Due to fact that cotton is the backbone of textile industry, the stiff global competition in the production and consumption of cotton. Cotton fiber combined with the technological revolution in the spinning and yarn manufacturing sectors has reprioritized the importance of fiber quality parameters. There is need to increase the production of cotton for improving financial status of farmers and strengthen national economy by increasing the productivity of cotton not only by increasing the area under production but also plant population per hectare. Plant may show better growth and development and give higher yield per plant but may not give maximum yield per unit area because of inadequate plant population. Thus, for increasing economic yield, the optimum spacing is essential in addition to management factors like sowing at proper time, proper spacing between plant to plant and row to row and adequate manuring possesses are important to get the higher yield.
Maize is widely grown cereal crop. It serves three main purposes, as a food for human consumption, feed for livestock, poultry and raw material for agro-based industries. It is also utilized as a commercial crop to manufacture various products due to its highly nutritive value. Maize require high amount of nutrients for its growth & development. Thus integrated use of organic & inorganic sources of nutrients could be higly effective in improving maize yield. So, a study was conducted to evalute the effect of different sources of nitrogen on the production potential of spring maize (Zea mays L.). This book provides a piece of knowledge for upcoming research in the filed of plant nutrition.
Despite its recent introductions to Ethiopia the cultivated area and production of rice in the country has reached to 156,000 hectares and 500,000 tons during 2009. However, many biotic and abiotic factors limit rice production and productivity. Among abiotic factors, mineral nutrition plays vital roles in rice yield improvement. This publication reviews the fundamental components of fertilizer recommendation: soil testing, plant analysis and plant response to applied nutrients. In line with this, the physical and chemical characteristics of Vertisols, the response of direct seeded rice to different N and P fertilizer levels, and plant N and P uptake are presented and explained in the context of various research findings. The optimum levels of N and P nutrients required for maximum grain yields of rice on flooded Vertisols, also identified. The book, therefore, primarily serves small-scale rice producing farmers and helps them improve food insecurity at a household level. It can also be used as a guideline and provides scientific information regarding soil-water-fertilizer-rice related issues in flooded ecology.
Cowpea (Vigna unquiculata L .) belongs to the family leguminoceae and having chromosome number 2n=22 and originated form Central Africa. Cowpea is a popular vegetable grown throughout the world. It is grown for green pods, dry seeds and fodder.The pods are rich source of protein,vitamin and minerals. There is worldwide consensus that sole dependence on chemical input based agriculture is not suitable in long run and only integrated plant nutrient system involving a combination of inorganic fertilizers, organic manures and bio-fertilizers are essential to sustain crop production, preserve soil health and biodiversity. Integrated effort are required to boost up the yield as well as productivity of cowpea. This book incorporates the various form of plant nutrition from organic and inorganic point of view for influencing the growth and development of cowpea plant. This book will be of significant interest to advanced undergraduate and post-graduate students of Agriculture, Horticulture, Vegetable science, Agronomy, Crop science, Soil science and rural development as well as NGO workers and farmers.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are widespread and agronomically important plant symbiont and often stimulate plant uptake of nutrients such as P, Zn, Cu, and Fe in deficient soils and increases resistance of plants to heavy metals and salts. Plants with coarsely branched roots and with few or no root hairs are expected to be more dependent on mycorrhizal fungi than are plants with finely branched root systems. Scanty information is available on the role of AM fungi on the growth and nutrient uptake of maize especially in soils of India which are generally phosphorus deficient or have an insoluble form. AM mycorrhizae are involved in P nutrition of maize and an understanding of their functioning will assist us in modifying management practices to maximize economic returns through increased fertilizer efficiency. Despite the fact that AM fungal colonization promotes P or N nutrition of host plants independently, the interaction between P and N has been rarely studied in the maize- mycorrhizal system. Hence, an attempt is made to study the influence of graded levels of inorganic (N,P) fertilizers and mycorrhizal inoculum in increasing the productivity and the quality of hybrid maize.
The book is a revolution in agriculture and agronomy. It is very helpful for the country because you can increase crop production 200-300% by plant density based on my invention nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil. It has been experimentally tried and results are in agreement with our invention. Also fertilizers may not have any role because the nutrition is in plenty as atoms in space.
Nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil volume six describes how nutrition is coming to plant and also to humans from active atoms in space. How plants do not have excreta because they take as much nutrition as needed by them unlike humans who eat and have excreta. Humans absorb these atoms through lungs like oxygen atoms. It also describes evidence for atoms in space like snow on mountains 12 month a year is by combination of Hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Similarly water under the soil is from combination of hydrogen and oxygen atoms like rain. How insulin transports glucose ion in cell that is why in diabetic keto acidosis insulin deficiency person needs fluid and glucose supplementation which he will not need otherwise and be able to survive on atoms from space.
Nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil volume three describes point to point how and why nutrition is coming as atoms from the surrounding space and is unlimited and that plants can be grown closer and denser and crop production increased two to three times with the same soil. It also tells that adding nutrients and fertilizers to the soil you can not increase the plant population in a given soil meaning fertilizers area a waste.
Nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil Volume two is a revolution in agriculture and biology. It covers point to point how matter atoms from space and why they are being utilized by plants. These matter atoms percolate in to soil and water and are sucked by plants. The basic principle is soil does not loose weight as the plant grows. The role of soil is probably as a catalyst in the process of fixing nutrient atoms. Other main points are soil is insoluble in water and nothing can be eluted from it to be utilized. Also carbon dioxide in air does not have any energy as it can not burn and thus can not be part of photosynthesis.
Nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil Volume four describes how just like oxygen atoms in space there are other atoms of matter utilized by plants , how water underneath the soil originates from combination of Hydrogen and oxygen atoms in space just like rain probably is formed by the same process. Evidence is dew drops forming on the interior of a beaker inverted on a lighted candle Hydrogen atoms burning and combining with oxygen atoms. In summary plant derives nutrition from atoms in space and not soil and crop production can be increased 2-3 times by sowing plants more densely and land saved.
Nutrition to plant comes from space and not soil volume seven describes how air and water and glass don't have any signal on imaging because of low density of atoms just like space does not have any signal. There is motion in these atoms and they give energy to plants and humans alike.There is no foliage at the bottom of the sea as these matter atoms have motion and they rise to surface where there is foliage. How a balloon shrivels after sometime even when tied because the atoms in air escape through the wall of the balloon.Another proof for matter atoms in space is ice and snow don't evaporate with time as there is less or no motion in these atoms when cold. While water evaporates. In summary there are atoms in space which one survives on plant and humans.