HIV and AIDS has caused serious impacts on sustainable development in all sectors of the economy including higher education. The need to assess risk in higher education in Africa is lacking. This piece of work adds on to existing knowledge on HIV and AIDS among higher education institutions on knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding the epidemic. An HIV and AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices analysis was conducted among university employees using a case study design. Data was collected using 100 questionnaires and 12 in-depth interviews from both academic and non academic staff and descriptive statistics were used to analyse data from questionnaires and thematic content analysis was carried out to analyse interviews. The results show that there are high knowledge levels of HIV and AIDS, STIs among both academic and non-academic staff. Reported attitudes show low risk attitudes. This however does not require that universities should not implement comprehensive HIV and AIDS programmes because the impact of the epidemic cannot be ignored.
The aim of this research is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang. A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled Xingjiang University and Xinjiang Medical University. Data was collected using self-administered standardized questionnaire on KAP re HIV/AIDS among 400 students. Mean knowledge scores is significantly different by ethnicity, sex, subject major, and year of study in university. Only 33.3% of the respondents had positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS patient. With regards high risk behavior associated with HIV transmission, 15.8% had at least 1 risk behavior related to unprotected sexual exposure Conclusion: HIV/AIDS health education efforts should be intensified in non-medical universities, among female, first year and Uyghur and other minorities’ students. About two-thirds of the students had negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS patients. Around 15% of these students reported having at least 1 high risk behavior related to unprotected sex
This book examined the effects of HIV/AIDS awareness on the sexual behavior of students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The students were randomly selected from one university in Nigeria; the University of Ilorin, Kwara State. The book shows a high awareness of HIV/AIDS. However, despite the awareness of the consequences of HIV infection,risky sexual behavior is high with high number of reported Participants engaging in sexual activity. In addition, the book shows that a relationship exists between age of respondents'' first sexual intercourse as well as between the place of residence and sexual experience.
Risk behaviors are those behaviors that can have adverse effects on the well-being of the students and might prevent them from future successes both in their studies and lives. Because they include behaviors that have negative effects; like risk sexual behaviors, alcohol, drugs, etc., which can significantly impact their lives and the lives of their friends. The assessment on some of the universities in Ethiopia shows that the students are in many behaviors of concern to the educators, family, government, religious organizations, a health and to the public as the future of the country depends on them and on the way we treat them. The risk-behaviors observed also has link to a host of other health compromising behaviors such as engagement in risk sexual behaviors which exposes them to the infection of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. Besides, the source of information and knowledge in the university to bring behavioral change is not significant. It is shown that even the most effective strategies are insufficient in preventing the risk behaviors and the transmissions of the HIV and AIDS.
Knowledge about transmission of HIV and AIDS, the attitude towards the people living with AIDS has a critical impact on prevention of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Knowledge on modes of transmission, prevention alongside was assessed amongst the UEAB students in Nandi County. School based cross-sectional survey of 180 students selected through probability sampling (94 males and 86 females). A pretested questionnaire was administered to assess knowledge and attitude of the students on HIV/AIDS. Knowledge and attitude scores were generated from the students’ responses and multi variable linear regression was used to study the association of these scores with select predictor variables (notably age, year of study and school of study). Most students in the sample knew about their HIV status. A good proportion (85%) knew that AIDS is not curable. This study identified substantial lacunae in the knowledge of and attitude towards AIDS. HIV and AIDS education should be strengthened among the general population, especially among youths.
This book examines the impact of HIV/AIDS Education on university students in Kenya. Mary postulates that Kenyan university students have adequate knowledge concerning HIV/AIDS but there is a disconnect between their attitude, knowledge, practice and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS Education. Using a cross-sectional descriptive approach, the author assesses the impact of HIV/AIDS Education provided by Kenyan universities and other sources vis-a-vis its reflection in the behaviour of university students. She further establishes attitudes portrayed by students and discusses the link between practices that predispose university students to HIV/AIDS infection and education. Consequently, the author recommends that the Kenya Government should ensure that HIV/AIDS Education is accessible to all university students by mainstreaming it in the entire university curriculum. This book is a must-read for students, lecturers, policy makers, counsellors and NGOs dealing with HIV/AIDS in Kenya and elsewhere in the world.
Since first case of HIV was recognized in united states in 1981,HIV has spread rapidly throughout the world,statistics of joint United Nations program on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization(WHO)2007,estimated number of persons living with HIV worldwide were 33.2 million.The AIDS epidemic update reports on the latest developments in the global AIDS epidemic has been published annually since 1998.The new HIV infected in 2007 were 2.5 million and the deaths due to the HIV in 2007 were around 2.1million worldwide.Half of the new infected cases today are young people aged between 15-24 years.The surveys from the many countries indicate that more than 50% of young people aged 15-24 years have misconceptions about how HIV/AIDS is spread. The young people do not have access to right information.Many studies has been conducted in different countries of the world in the university students.But no study has been conducted in madrasa/religious students.The madrasa / religious students in our country are coming from low socioeconomic class,because of the poverty and illiteracy they do not know much about the HIV.
This book is a result of the study that was conducted on the strategies used by universities in preventing HIV infection among undergraduate students using the case study of Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) Uganda. The study specifically establishes the strategies used by MUST to prevent HIV infection among undegraduate students, assesses the effectiveness of the MUST strategies in preventing HIV and explores the challenges faced by MUST in preventing HIV. The findings reveal that MUST uses a number of strategies like bahavioral change strategies like abstinence, being faithful and consistent and correct use of condoms, HIV/AIDS education and awareness, the Peer Project and collaboration with other organizations like AIDS Information Center, TASO, Marie Stopes and Mbarara Blood Bank. The above strategies have their own short comings like the HIV Institutional Policy which is not well disseminated to both students and staff. The university faces a number of challenges in preventing HIV/AIDS like knowledge gaps about HIV/AIDS, students'' engagement in risky sexual behaviors, stigma and low levels of utilization of VCT services.
The study intended to establish the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among the people with disabilities (PWDs) in North Kamagak location,South Rachuonyo District, Nyanza province (Kenya). The objectives of the study were to establish the level of knowledge of HIV/AIDS infection and preventive measures among PWDs, to find out how social stigma and discrimination towards PWDs hinders their accessibility to HIV/AIDS infection and preventive measures and to determine PWDs’ attitudes towards HIV/AIDS preventive measures. The findings reveal that level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS preventive measures among the PWDs is still low. There is evidence of social stigma and discrimination that makes the PWDs to shy off from HIV/AIDS infection and prevention delivery points thus most are unable to get access to corrective HIV/AIDS information and methods of prevention. Most of the respondents were quite informed that knowing one’s sero-status is a significant step towards the fight against HIV/AIDS, however a significant number of them had not been tested due to social stigma and discrimination in case they tested HIV positive.
This book is based on study of HIV and AIDS pandemic conducted among primary school adolescents with hearing impairment in central province of Kenya.The study in its general objective sought to establish the level of HIV and AIDS awareness among the pupils. The study design used was survey. A questionnaire consisting of 37 questions was used to solicit information required from the respondents. Data obtained was analysed using descriptive statistic.Frequency distribution tables,pie charts and bar graphs were used in the presentation of the results and percentages calculated to determine the level of awareness. Among findings, it was shocking to establish that 11.8% of pupils with hearing impairments did not know the disease by the name AIDS. compared to a similar study by Mando (2005), among hearing pupils, only 0.6% of them did not know that there exists a disease by the name AIDS. There is therefore , a significant difference in the level of HIV and AIDS awareness between the hearing and hearing impaired adolescents.
We investigated the knowledge and perception about HIV/AIDS among the University students of Dhaka city in Bangladesh. A total number of 162 respondents participated in the study. Data were collected prospectively from different public and private Universities of Dhaka city in Bangladesh. The study showed that every respondent heard about HIV/AIDS and their main source of knowledge about HIV/AIDS was from media (72%). Among the respondents, 64% regularly donated blood and few of them (38%) were careful during blood donation. 95% of the respondents (who were drug abusers) did not share injections or needles for taking drugs of abuse. 97% of the respondents did not exchanged sex for drugs or money; however, 25% had physical relation with their sex partners and among them, only 24% used condoms while 57% knew about the use of condom. Only 27% of the respondents knew about HIV test centers. 90% thought that HIV/AIDS education will increase awareness about HIV/AIDS. 35% of the respondents were familiar with condom vendor machines and 28% of the respondents did not support for condom vendor machines to be installed in public places in Bangladesh.
This book contains article discussing about contraceptive demand of people living with HIV/AIDS which helps readers to have knowhow about family planning need among these populations and it also gives an insight about ideas behind not using family planning methods among People Living With HIV/AIDS.Hence, purchase and read the book and then you improve and get understanding in the area of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health.
HIV and AIDS is very critical issue in all over the world, most of the less development and developing countries are directly affected. However, there are still remaining poverty and famine problem, the HIV and AIDS derived also huge health and social problem. Among all less develop countries, Nepal has also same problem. Here are different most at risk groups are directly involved in risk activities, the groups are IDUs, MSM/MSW, FSW, Client of Sex Worker, Housewives, Children and Blood or organ recipients. In Nepal, most of the people are infected from lack of knowledge about HIV and AIDS, however some people knowledge about it, they are infected from their careless with sexual relation of sex partners. Now it is not only health problem but it is a social problem for example when people are infected, the infected people are faced social and traditional values because the Nepalese people only think that it would only suffer from sexual activities but the reality is different.
Injecting Drug User (IDU) is the predominant risk group to drive the HIV epidemic in Bangladesh. Once HIV infection among IDUs reaches to a critical mark, subsequent waves of epidemic occur among other associated groups like female sex workers, partners etc. Therefore, developing appropriate health seeking behaviour with this group is crucial to control the further spread of HIV. This research investigates the factors among IDUs in central Bangladesh that influences health seeking behaviours. Seeking appropriate treatment for drug and sexual health problem is the main health seeking behaviour variable of interest. The research found that appropriate health seeking behaviour is associated with exposure to health education; attempts to leave drug use; and duration of drug use behaviour. On the basis of the research it is recommended that more emphasis should be given to organize flexible clinical session like evening sessions, extended weekend sessions etc. This research will help community-based organizations and HIV/AIDS professionals to understand factors affecting health seeking behaviours and help to design programs to promote appropriate health seeking behaviour among IDUs.
HIV/AIDS is a major public health problem in Sub-Sahara Africa. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been found to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus has been reported to enhance HIV replication and accelerate the progression of HIV to AIDS. In Nigeria there is a dearth of information on the prevalence of Cytomegalovirus infection among HIV/AIDS patients. This study was designed to determine the prevalence rate as well as risk factors for CMV infection among HIV/AIDS patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. A cross sectional study was carried out among consecutively recruited HIV sero-positive patients attending the HAART clinic at U.I.T.H, Ilorin between October 2008 to September 2009. A volume of 5 ml blood sample was collected from each consenting participant as well as age and sex matched HIV sero-positive control group . The sera was assayed for CMV IgG/IgM using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). A semi-structured pre-tested questionnaire was also used to assess the risk factors for CMV infection among HIV sero-positive participants