Research indicates that obesity is linked to socio-economic factors and genetics. Both have an impact on whether a person is or becomes obese. The paper focuses on the impact of the change in food supply along with socio-economic factors, specifically access, time, and cost, and how these factors have affected the American obesity epidemic. This was assessed in part through a case study of the Smith Hill area of Providence, Rhode Island, a food desert that is comprised mainly of Americans near the poverty line, and the Wellspring La Jolla camp—a camp for overweight children from upper-middle class families. The study of this food desert is juxtaposed to a community of greater affluence. The availability of resources for both food and physical activity are considered. The poor rely on federally implemented physical activity programs to lose weight whereas the affluent are able to invest in a wellness program to lose weight. The obesity epidemic is examined, as it affects both the poor and affluent, as well as the institutional influences behind them.
Obesity has become an increasingly important medical problem in children and adolescents. Many of the outcomes associated with obesity that were previously thought of as diseases of adults are now affecting children as well. Outcomes related to childhood obesity include hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, obstructive sleep apnea, and orthopedic problems (such as slipped capital-femoral epiphysis), as well as social and psychological problems. Very few investigators have explored the role of central adiposity in predicting perioperative complications. We have previously shown that central adiposity (indicated by neck circumference [NC]) is associated with increased risk of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children
Metabolic syndrome is a modern era disease which has engulfed wide regions of the world and the problem is increasing at a rapid pace. The atherogenic dyslipidemia associated with the metabolic syndrome predispose to cardiovascular events. The Statins are considered first-line therapy for treating Dyslipidemia. Clinical response to statins is highly variable and genetic factors play an important role. Sterol regulatory element binding factors (SREBF) – SREBF Cleavage Activating Protein (SCAP) pathway play important roles in lipid metabolism and homeostasis. Identification of genes & genetic variants that influence statin responsiveness holds promise for a safe and effective treatment of Dyslipidemia in Metabolic syndrome.
The etiology of DDH, except ? conditions" which allows pelvic presentation, there is multifactoriality, which includes in addition to genetic and hormonal and mechanical factors. It is believed that both the pelvic presentation and method of delivery of infants with breech presentation a significant risk factor DDH. About 3 - 4% of children born in breech presentation. The publication is a guide for residents in neonatology, pediatrics, pediatric and orthopedic surgery, radiology and physical therapy.
Practical advice and information for living with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which there is an imbalance of a woman's female sex hormones, and affects an estimated 10% of all women. This hormone imbalance may cause changes in the menstrual cycle, acne, small cysts in the ovaries, difficulty conceiving, high blood pressure, and other problems. It is treatable, but not curable, and sufferers have to rely on themselves for the long-term management of their condition. If you're living with PCOS, this guide gives you the latest information concerning treatments and research into Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. PCOS For Dummies gives you a practical, plain-English guide to living with and managing Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. In addition to providing valuable information concerning the causes and symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, PCOS For Dummies gives you the facts about the various treatment options that are available, including both traditional medical treatments and alternative therapies. Discusses the causes and symptoms of PCOS Advice for dealing with this disorder Covers the treatments and medicine available in the United States PCOS For Dummies is an invaluable resource for the millions who are suffering from this condition.
This work is an exploratory research which seeks to find the relationship that exist between senior (top) managers and project managers. The research is done using the phase one of the Carnegie Corporation of New York's Institutional Support Programme to the University of Education, Winneba (UEW) within the period of three years. Chapter one looks at the background of Ghana and the University of Education and a few unavoidable components of a research. Chapter two reviews literature taken cognizance of the Concept of Management, Projects and Programme Management, Leadership, the Role of key players among other issues. Chapter three reviews how Projects and Programmes are managed at UEW, identifying Key players and their roles in implementation and their functional relationship. Chapter four Examines the Carnegie Programme in detail and unearths the key challenges in its implementation. Chapter five is an analysis and discussion session and brings out the issues of the Role of Top Managers, Project Managers, other key players and how all these groups relate. Chapter six summarizes the entire work. The work is suitable for any one in top or down the ladder.
Incidence of obesity is on the rise in developed as well as developing countries. In India we find high incidence of central obesity. It is well documented risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Hypertension being one of them. In our study we tried to explore relationship between various parameters of obesity and blood pressure in males and found positive correlation between waist to hip ratio with blood pressure based on our findings, WHR seems to be a better predictor for risk of hypertension over other obesity parameters.
Perhaps nothing impacts the health of women more than the changes in their hormone levels. From puberty to menopause, their health is influenced by hormones. In menopausal woman entire tissues of the body are affected due to deficient sex hormone levels. One such tissue is periodontal ligament tissue. Estrogen hormone exerts anti resorptive, antibacterial and anti inflammatory action on periodontium. Hence estrogen deficiency produces adverse effects on periodontal tissue. But these effects are uniquely different if post menopausal woman is obese. Obesity which is otherwise known as a risk factor can act as a modifier for post menopausal women by secreting additional estrogen hormone through adipose tissues.
Obesity is a complex multifactor disease characterized by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue that may impair health. The prevalence of obesity is rapidly reaching epidemic properties in developed nations. Monosodium glutamate, the sodium salt of glutamic acid is a food additive used as a flavoring agent for enhancing taste, may be associated with increased risk of overweight in humans This work was planned in order to assess the effect of obesity induced by high fat diet and monosodium glutamate (MSG) on platelet aggregation.
This study developed a model to explain obesity in African American (AA) women, using the Explanatory and Health Belief Models. AA women from a lower socio-economic, lower education background were asked research questions relating to demographic variables, individual perceptions of weight and the complications of obesity, cues to action or inaction, perceived susceptibility to, seriousness of, and perceived threat of obesity, benefits of action, barriers to action and likelihood of taking preventative health action. Global themes were analyzed and The Blended Model of Obesity was developed and can be a useful tool to explain obesity in AA women.
Patients who have diabetes mellitus may face medical problems, if they have obesity or overweight. Probably they have used anti obesity drugs for loss of weight, I have been recommending them to use oral anti-obesity drugs for long periods of treatment over six months. This work have been done at Sheffield university for academic year 2011-2012 for fulfilment of a master degree.