Research indicates that obesity is linked to socio-economic factors and genetics. Both have an impact on whether a person is or becomes obese. The paper focuses on the impact of the change in food supply along with socio-economic factors, specifically access, time, and cost, and how these factors have affected the American obesity epidemic. This was assessed in part through a case study of the Smith Hill area of Providence, Rhode Island, a food desert that is comprised mainly of Americans near the poverty line, and the Wellspring La Jolla camp—a camp for overweight children from upper-middle class families. The study of this food desert is juxtaposed to a community of greater affluence. The availability of resources for both food and physical activity are considered. The poor rely on federally implemented physical activity programs to lose weight whereas the affluent are able to invest in a wellness program to lose weight. The obesity epidemic is examined, as it affects both the poor and affluent, as well as the institutional influences behind them.
Nurses who are mostly shift workers were found to be at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). A cross sectional study was conducted among 404 female nurses working in a teaching hospital in Kelantan, Malaysia to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors. Data were collected using a proforma consisted of sociodemographic data, occupational history, physical activity and DASS 42 questionnaire (validated Malay version). Anthropometric, blood pressure measurement and fasting venous blood were taken from each subject for fasting lipid profile and blood sugar. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 24.3% (95% CI: 20.1, 28.4). The significant factors associated with metabolic syndrome were total duration of employment (years) and one way commuting time to work (minutes). High prevalence of metabolic syndrome indicates that nurses are occupational high risk group for CHD. Occupational factors which significantly associated with metabolic syndrome in this study are total duration of employment and one way commuting time to work, however there is no significant relationship between metabolic syndrome and shift work as well as self-perceived job stress.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is an extremely common disorder affecting around 20% of the population of Western. Understanding Irritable Bowel Syndrome offers you a comprehensive, review of what is known about IBS and its treatment. Written in easy-to-understand language by an IBS expert, the book contains numerous examples and real-life quotes from sufferers. Simon Darnley not only provides you with strategies for coping with this condition physically, he also deals with the psychological aspects of IBS to help you cope better mentally with the problem. ? Written in an easy-to-understand fashion by an expert in the subject ? Contains numerous examples and real-life quotes from IBS sufferers ? An invaluable guide for anyone suffering from IBS Simon Darnley is a cognitive behavioural therapist (CBT) and researcher with over fifteen years' experience. For seven years he was a tutor in CBT at the Institute of Psychiatry in London and has recently completed a large research trial using cognitive behavioural therapy for IBS. He is also a part-time magician and comedian.
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Your hands-on guide to coaching youth volleyball Have you been asked to coach a youth volleyball team? This friendly, practical guide helps you grasp the basics and take charge on the court. You get expert advice on teaching key skills to different age groups, running safe and effective practices, helping struggling players, encouraging good sportsmanship, and leading your team with confidence during a match. Lay the groundwork for a great season – develop your coaching philosophy, run an effective preseason meeting, and get up to speed on the rules and terminology of the sport Build your team – size up the players, find roles for everyone to succeed in, and coach all different types of kids Teach the basics of volleyball – from serving and passing to setting, attacking, and blocking, instruct your players successfully in all the key elements Raise the level of play – teach more advanced offensive and defensive skills and keep your kids' interest in volleyball going strong Make the moms and dads happy – work with parents to ensure a successful and fun season Score extra points – keep your players healthy and injury free, resolve conflicts, and coach a volleyball club team Open the book and find: Clear explanations of the game's fundamentals An assortment of the sport's best drills The equipment your team needs Player positions and their responsibilities Tips for running fun-filled practices Refinements for your coaching strategies How to meet players' special needs Ten ways to make the season memorable
Ageing is a syndrome of changes that are deleterious, progressive, universal & thus irreversible. SIRT1 gene is a candidate gene, involved in ageing process. The SIRT1 gene, whose activity is modified by the body's metabolic state & was previously known to help control the process of ageing and extend the lifespan of humans, also plays a key role in regulating the internal clock. This important discovery helps to explain how the body regulates essential functions such as hormone production, body temperature & blood pressure, & may eventually lead to drugs to combat metabolic disorders, obesity or diabetes. SIRT1 gene codes for the protein ‘SIRTUINS’. By using Bioinformatics Tools & Softwares Exons, Introns, SNPs & RFLPs of SIRT1 were predicted. SNPs are consequently important in understanding human health. Information related to functional SNPs in candidate disease genes is critical for cost effective genetic association studies, which attempt to understand the genetics of complex diseases. The 3D structure of Sirtuin was modeled & Docked with suitable ligands. The SIRT1 activation study helps in medical application for developing SIRT1 activating drugs for ageing problems.
Osteoarthritis is a major health problem and obesity is one of the most important risk factors. This book describes research on the possible pathophysiology of osteoarthritis due to excess of fat tissue: do metabolic factors play a role? and what will happen to osteoarthritis progression when obesity is present together with another important risk factor (i.e. joint malalignment)? Moreover, other hot topics in osteoarthritis research are discussed, such as: which structures cause pain in knee osteoarthritis? and what are the risk factors to have worsening of lower limb osteoarthritis?
Obesity Can Also Lead To Life-threatening Conditions Including Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin Resistance, High Blood Pressure, Heart Disease, Sleep Problems, Cancer And Other Disorders. The Prevention And Treatment Of Excess Weight Is Critical For The Health Of Both Individuals And Our Society. The Disease Therefore Incurs An Increasingly Heavy Burden Not Only On Overweight And Obese Citizens Themselves But Also On Health Care Systems, The Efficiency Of The Workforce And Society At Large. Obesity Is Frequent, Serious, Complex And Chronic.We Will Be Grateful To All The Readers Who Finally Judge The Quality Of This Book And Feedback For The Same Is Welcomed.
Down’s syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in the UK. The availability of different screening and diagnostic options along with difficulties for couples in understanding the concept of risk and interpreting test results can complicate the decision-making process for women. The aim of our study was to examine the main concerns of women in deciding about the screening and diagnostic tests for Down’s that they would undergo during the antenatal period. Knowledge of women’s concerns informed the development of a Decision support system that aims to help women choose the option that most respects their personal values.
Obesity among adolescents and those 19 years and older has tripled for the past 30 years. The Philippines is one such country in the midst of a rapid shift in diet and physical activity patterns that are contributory to rise in obesity, hypertension and related problems. Although many studies have extensively discussed the relationship of obesity to perceived self-esteem of adolescents, there is still a lack of research regarding how obesity influence the self-esteem of nursing students. As future health care providers, they have a critical role to play in the effective implementation of healthy behaviors. As such, they too must develop an understanding and awareness of one’s self and the multifactorial dimensions of their lives in the assumption of roles and responsibilities that may affect health and well-being.By determining the relationship between personal and socioeconomic profile of obese nursing students and their perceived self-esteem, the study would help to examine the psychological well-being of these individuals.
Heidland: Contributions To Nephrology – Hormonal & ?metabolic? Derangements In Renal Failu