The Institute Of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi was established in response to the dire need for mental health profession and the acute dearth of professional psychological services in Pakistan.The unit of speech therapy is running by Dr, Raheela Khatoon who conducts evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies that comes within the realm of major categories of speech and language disorders i.e., disorder of fluency (stuttering), articulation disorders, hearing impairment and speech & language-related pathologies in neurological disorders like aphasia, dysphasia dysartheria, & other cognitive disorders. Speech-language therapy test were developed for diagnosis and treatment of speech & language-related pathologies in adults and children. Dr. Raheela Khatoon also teach the speech therapy subject in Diploma of Rebabilition Childhood Disorders in institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi.
Speech and language acquisition is a prerequisite to oral communication. Studies have shown that there is a natural chronological age and time when most children acquire this skills. However, a child who fails to follow this progression is considered to have speech delay. This work, like many others, established that Down's Syndrome and Cerebral palsy conditions lead to speech problems. However, the speech later develops due to among other things, maturity and the communication needs that emerge. That a variety of complementary intervention techniques to help correct the situation are in application in the school curriculum, the sole purpose being to make this children communicate their basic needs and to become better members of the community. The contents of this book target all stake holders in the education sector and parents of such children.
The essential, up-to-date guide for helping children with language and listening problems Does your child have trouble getting the right words out, following directions, or being understood? In this revised new edition of Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems, speech-language pathologist Patricia Hamaguchi-who has been helping children overcome problems like these for more than thirty years-answers your questions to help you determine what's best for your child. This newest edition: * Expands on speech and articulation issues affecting toddlers * Includes a new chapter on socially «quirky» children Explains how to get the right help for your child, including when to wait before seeking help, how to find the right specialist, and how the problem may affect your child academically, socially, and at home Covers major revisions in educational laws and programs and insurance coverage as well as current information on new interventions and cutting-edge research in the field Updates information on autism spectrum disorders, neurobiological disorders, and auditory processing disorders «Provides valuable information for parents of children with speech, language, and listening problems.»-Sandra C. Holley, Ph.D., Former President, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (on the Second Edition) More than 1.1 million children receive special education services each year to address speech and language problems, and many others struggle with language and listening to some degree. If your child is one of them, this book gives you the crucial and up-to-date guidance you need to help him or her both in school and at home.
Down’s syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder in which there is a trisomy of 21st chromosome. Speech errors are common with larger number of phonological processes in children with Down’s syndrome, with delays characteristic of developmentally younger children at a similar language level. Present study aimed at comparing the phonological accuracy scores in Kannada speaking Down’s syndrome and language age matched normal children. Two groups of children were included in the study. Group one had children with Down’s syndrome (n = 35), of chronological age of 6-15 years while Group two consisted of age matched normal children (n = 60). A picture naming task was used to elicit the response. The sample was analysed for phonological accuracy measures of Percentage of Consonant Correct (PCC), Process Density Index (PDI), Percentage of Vowel Correct (PVC), and Percentage of Phoneme Correct (PPC). It was found that children with Down’s syndrome showed lesser scores in all the measures exclusive of PVC when compared with the language and age matched controls. It was found to be a delay rather than deviation in phonological development.
The purpose of the study was to describe the communication of toddlers with Down syndrome in everyday routines with their caregivers within four intervention time points. Archival video data of caregiver-implemented language intervention from the KidTalk Tactics Project were used to describe the communication of three children, ages 12 to 20 months, measured at four time periods across caregiving, pre-academic, and play routines. Increases in the frequency of single words and multiple word phrases were evident for all children. Variability in the frequency of communication acts in different routines were noted. The results of this study contribute to the expanding literature on caregiver-implemented intervention in natural environments by examining the unique profiles of toddlers with Down syndrome and the context in which they participated with their caregivers.
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal anomaly among live born infants, occurring at a frequency of one in 700 live births. Individuals with DS are at increased risk for several endocrinological conditions, including hypothyroidism, growth retardation, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. The reason for the increased risk of obesity in DS individuals is unclear, but several mechanisms have been suggested, including a decreased resting metabolic rate and differences in physical activity patterns. Obesity and related morbidity and mortality are emerging as important long term consequences, with the increase in the life expectancy of people with DS. Adipokines such as leptin, which is a hormone secreted by adipocytes, acting in the hypothalamus to suppress appetite and regulate body weight, have been implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity. Leptin is a hormone secreted by adipocytes, acting in the hypothalamus to suppress appetite and regulate body weight. In this book we tried to highlight the hormonal key players for the development of obesity in children with Down syndrome.
Many children with speech and language disorders are academically and psychologically affected as they articulate words wrongly when they try to communicate verbally. It is worth noting that, since the establishment of educational assessment centres in Kenya in September, 1984, many children with speech and language problems have been identified and placed in schools. Studies carried out in other, countries such as Finland, the United States, Canada show that speech disorders have been identified and effective intervention carried out. However, a study to identify speech sound disorders has never been done in Kenya. This prompted a study of this magnitude to identify speech sound disorders in children with speech and language disorders and ultimately recommend intervention measures. The research designs used were ex-post facto and ethnographic which were quantitative and qualitative. The population from which the study sample was drawn came from school-going children in Nairobi Province aged between 6 to 13 years 11 months. The researcher in identifying the sample used purposive sampling for piloting and for the actual study.
The book is fashioned in such a way that teachers would find sufficient material to use creatively in the classroom. The nature of this work is highly interactive, where the learners would feel as though they are directly being addressed. This book will help the English language teachers at secondary level to modify their methods as well as help the children in training an error free language right from the primary stage of learning.
Kavanagh: ?speech? & Language In The Laboratory Sc Hool& Clinic
The study was carried out to cephalometrically evaluate the morphology of cranial base, midface and dental characteristics in subjects with Down?s syndrome and to compare the same with that of normal. The growth of cranial base and maxilla was also evaluated. As the thorough knowledge of the craniofacial morphology and dental characteristics help the orthodontist in arriving at a more accurate diagnosis about orthodontic problems. The attempt of our study is to give an idea about the craniofacial morphology in individuals with Down?s syndrome, which will help us to understand the basic morphological characteristics of these individuals. This will lead us to reach a proper diagnosis and treatment planning.
The study aimed to explore how three dimensions of BJW, personal, ultimate and immanent, relate to well-being in mothers of normal and Down syndrome children. It was assumed that personal BJW and belief in ultimate justice will be positively related with life satisfaction and mood level and negatively related with depression and anxiety in both groups of mothers. Moreover, these relationships would be stronger for mothers of a Down syndrome child compared to mothers of normal children. A set of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that personal BJW was the strongest predictor of all aspects of well-being. Belief in ultimate justice was negatively related to anxiety in mothers of a Down syndrome child while it was positively related to anxiety in mothers of normal children. Contrary to the expectations, belief in immanent justice was positively related to life satisfaction and mood level in the two groups of mothers. The pattern of results persisted when controlled for demographic and psychological factors. The findings support the role of personal BJW as a personal resource in adverse as well as in normal circumstances.
In Pakistan Poultry industry is facing many problems but the most serious one are diseases, particularly viral & bacterial diseases. Viral diseases are prevailing in the Country because of no specific drugs are available for their treatment. The only control measure is through vaccination. Among viral diseases Hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) was first recognized in broiler flocks in Angara Goth (Goth means small town or village) near Karachi metropolitan city of Pakistan, in late 1987. Because the disease emerged in this specific geographic area, HPS was referred to as Angara Disease or Hydropericardium Hepatitis syndrome (HHS). The syndrome was spread in the densely populated broiler growing areas all over the country within six months.
Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems
This book focuses on children’s language in a bilingual community in East Java, Indonesia. It has documented Javanese children’s language in relation to their proficiency, use and attitudes in a big city, a small town and a village. The questionnaires, tests, observation and interviews were employed. Children’s proficiency in Indonesian is higher than in Javanese. They are not able to manipulate Javanese speech levels properly. Most city children reported using Indonesian with their all interlocutors whereas most village children reported using Javanese. This indicates unnatural intergenerational language transmission in the city. Most children showed negative attitudes towards Javanese, their ethnic language. Javanese experiences domain shifting and is incompatible with the emergence of new domains in the modern time. Unless systematic support is forthcoming, Javanese will be abandoned by Javanese children, originated in the city.