Supply Chain is a network of various components like suppliers,manufacturers,distributors. The Distributor is the link between manufacturer and the consumer.Hence the distributor is responsible for supplying the right quality product at correct time. There is a need to have an efficient technique for the selection of the best distributor.The multi agent technique provides a flexible solution to the problem of selection of distributor as well as the negotiation between distributor and manufacturer.The framework of agents has been developed using Java Application Development Environment(JADE).
Supply Chain network is a complex network for common understanding because a number of stages are involved for the completion of this process. The suppliers are an integral and critical part of this network and to select the appropriate suppliers requires the special ability and negotiation skills because they can impact in both ways either negatively or positively. This dissertation explores the supplier selection criteria used by wholesalers in Manchester by taking the five women clothing as product category. It briefly describes earlier and recent research, research in different countries and industries and some conflicting views about criteria. 30 wholesalers are selected as respondents employing a non-probability sampling and their responses on five-point scale are recorded. The data obtained is then analyzed by using SPSS and on the basis of analysis, the four hypothesis are tested. Recommendations and areas of future research are highlighted and identified. The main purpose, but not the only purpose is to reveal that wholesalers’ choice for Supplier Selection criteria vary among those product categories.
Purchasing and supply management are widely acknowledged as strategic for companies. To make a prudent supplier selection decision, it is important to plan for uncertainty to mitigate risk. The study aims to address the risk which originates at the suppliers end. In this book the focus is on categorization and prioritization of the risk elements and addressing a supplier selection problem with the risk elements under consideration.
This masterly book substantially extends Howard Raiffa's earlier classic, "The Art and Science of Negotiation". It does so by incorporating three additional supporting strands of inquiry: individual decision analysis, judgmental decision making, and game theory. Each strand is introduced and used in analyzing negotiations. The book starts by considering how analytically minded parties can generate joint gains and distribute them equitably by negotiating with full, open, truthful exchanges. The book then examines models that disengage step by step from that ideal. It also shows how a neutral outsider (intervenor) can help all negotiators by providing joint, neutral analysis of their problem. Although analytical in its approach - building from simple hypothetical examples - the book can be understood by those with only a high school background in mathematics. It therefore will have a broad relevance for both the theory and practice of negotiation analysis as it is applied to disputes that range from those between family members, business partners, and business competitors to those involving labor and management, environmentalists and developers, and nations.
The award-winning guide to business negotiation used by top negotiators and training programs all over the world - completely updated and revised. As director of the renowned Wharton Executive Negotiation Workshop, Professor G.Richard Shell has taught thousands of business leaders, administrators, and other professionals how to survive and thrive in the sometimes rough-and-tumble world of negotiation. His systematic, step- by-step approach comes to life in this book, which is available in over ten foreign editions and combines lively storytelling, proven tactics, and reliable insights gleaned from the latest negotiation research. This updated edition includes: A brand-new "Negotiation I.Q." test designed by Shell and used by executives at the Wharton workshop that reveals each reader's unique strengths and weaknesses as a negotiator; A concise manual on how to avoid the perils and pitfalls of online negotiations involving e-mail and instant messaging; A detailed look at how gender and cultural differences can derail negotiations, and advice for putting talks back on track.
Men of Empire – Power and Negotiation in Venice?s Maritime State
The increasingly progress in computer science and information technology allowed to deal further with complex systems and in closer respect with real-world application. This, in turn, has led to suggestion of software agents, which has been, thereafter, widely used. With the increasing interest on software agents, the "Automated Negotiation" has become a very popular topic of research to facilitate negotiation process design and enhance over all outcomes. "Automated Negotiation" could be defined as a complex process by which two or more agents communicate and attempt to achieve a mutually acceptable agreement on some specific matter. Besides developing a bilateral "Automated Negotiation" model between agents within an incomplete information state, this book provides an architecture of such agents (“buyer” or “seller”). To do so, a new offer generation approach of three adaptive families of tactics has been proposed. Finally, with regard to “Big five” personality model and by introducing the cognitive orientations, we have developed a negotiator agent’s architecture taking into consideration the effects of the negotiator agent's personality on negotiation process and outcome.
Over the years, the number of students applying for a place in state-subsidized courses in Kenyan public universities has by far exceeded capacity. A two-tier model is therefore used to determine who gets a coveted place in any given year. It was in this background that the efficiency in this selection process was investigated. This study utilised correlations and multiple regression to validate the simultaneous selection and classification processes undertaken by the universities’ Joint Admissions Board. Results of this study suggest that additional non-academic measures could be used to refine the selection process. Universities need to improve record keeping for use in similar validative studies.
Although wildlife is one of the rangeland resources, it is viewed by pastoralists as a competitor with livestock for grazing resources rather than an economic resource. It is assumed that competition between wild herbivores and cattle may have an impact on the forage biomass in rangelands as well as on livestock production. It is from this view point of competition between wildlife and livestock for forage resources, that this study assessed effects of forage utilization by wildlife on cattle diet, plant. This book has in depth analysis of various techniques of forage utilization by grazing herbivores in semi-arid lands in Kenya through experiments in the Long-term exclosure experiment (KLEE) on Mpala Ranch, Kenya. The various techniques used to assess the effect of wildlife and cattle forage utilization on forage biomass and dietary nutrient content between wild herbivores and cattle confirmed that determination of competitive interaction between livestock and wild herbivores on forage resources on rangelands is complex.
This study explores cultural-identity conflicts among bilingual students at San Francisco State University. The aim of this study was to understand how students perceive and negotiate the differences between their home discourse and the Academic discourse used in college writing courses. Seventy-three bilingual students completed a language questionnaire, and seven of these students were later interviewed. In the end, students felt more “American” after speaking English and thought that English facilitated new friendships but, at the same time, hindered family relationships. Students also struggled to participate and write in their composition courses, and most students felt they had a unified or duel identity. However, others expressed the need to create a hybrid identity. Students negotiated these language tensions/difficulties by using both languages frequently, by code switching, or by using their first language in their composition classroom. On the whole, this study seeks to promote bilingual awareness and calls for an expansion in cultural-identity repertoire.
Of all the resources an organization has, the most important one is human capital since it plans and controls the others. This makes human resource recruitment and selection one of the crucial HR practices in any organizational performance-schools included. The researcher assessed the effectiveness of Board of Governors in recruitment and selection of public secondary school teachers in Kenya. A sample size of 40 respondents from a target population of 426 headteachers and teachers recruited by the Board of Governors between 2001 and 2006 was used. The study established that selection guidelines made selection panel more effective in teachers selection; the panelists had inadequate training in selection and were easily manipulated and influenced by stakeholders vested interest.the researcher recommended decentralization of teacher selection to be carried out at provincial level besides headteachers having at least a certificate in Human Resource Management.
The present consensus is the traditional personnel selection paradigm is flawed and as a consequence has not readily been adopted by organisations. This disparity between research and practice has been attributed to researchers’ lack of awareness of the factors impacting organisational decision-making processes, conceptualisation of scientific selection along a strict criterion continuum and a lack of clarity on the role of culture in selection. This book examines the concept of scientific personnel selection by taking the discussion to a setting that is atypical of those normally represented in the literature. The current work investigates the role of culture in individual and organisational selection decisions with the aim of challenging the assumption of universality espoused by the traditional psychometric approach in the measurement and understanding of personnel selection outcomes. The analysis should help shed some light on how culture influences selection decisions of organisations, managers and applicants, and should be especially useful to HR, Training and Assessment professionals or anyone else who may be working within cross-cultural teams or a multinational context.
The bullwhip effect is the phenomenon of increasing demand variability in the supply chain as one moves from the downstream (the retailer) to the upstream (manufacturer) that will cause the higher cost impact on each of the supply chain pipeline from supplier to distributor and lead to the higher price of the pharmaceutical products. Having the analysis from the four cause of Bullwhip effect will help to reduce the bullwhip effect on the pharmaceutical supply chain. There is a possibility to reduce the bullwhip effect by using modern ERP systems which implement Material Requirement Planning system in the production of finished goods. However, the bullwhip effect still occurred that came from demand and forecast updating as well as rationing and shortage gaming by the distributor. Additionally the higher forecast deviation will cause the higher cost impact in the production of finished goods.
The present study was undertaken; to evaluate the response of recurrent selection derived lines by the testing of (C3) derived lines for genetic variability, genetic advance and heritability and to assess the effect of selection on other quantitative traits. The 16 half-sib families were selected from 3rd cycle of recurrent selection were grown for evaluation in randomized block design in rabi 2009 -10 along with check varieties Bhima and A1. The expected genetic advance expressed as per cent of population mean at 10 per cent was high for seed yield per plot (48.44) followed by seed yield per plant (28.88). The expected genetic advance per cent over Bhima at 10 per cent selection intensity was high for seed yield per plot (28.27) followed by seed yield per plant (22.78). In safflower seed yield per plant was positively and significantly correlated with days to maturity, number of capitula per plant, number of seeds per capitulum and 100 seed weight. Days to maturity and seed yield per plant had exhibited significant and positive correlation. Two half-sib families were identified for testing in preliminary yield evaluation trial
Development in plant breeding has led green revolution in many areas of the world due to development of input response superior varieties. In spite of this fact in some environments particularly marginal adoption of modern varieties are poor due to poor assess to seeds and development of suitable varieties that satisfy their needs. Decisions about the adoption of varieties are conditional to farmers’ perception to new variety relative to their varieties. Selection of advanced breeding lines by farmers in process of called Participatory Varietal Selection (PVS) has been identified as suitable technique for future varietal selection. Adoption of improved cultivars in marginal uplands of Nepal is very limited. Such poor adoption could be due to the improper understanding of farmers’ selection criteria and priority and their implication in breeders’ objective setting and selection process. The optimization and assessment of farmers’ role in breeding process, their selection criteria, evaluation of traits and priority given by farmers included in this study showed high potential for developing a ideal rice genotypes for upland rainfed ecosystem of Nepal.