With an Introduction by Derek Matravers. In The Social Contract Rousseau (1712-1778) argues for the preservation of individual freedom in political society. An individual can only be free under the law, he says, by voluntarily embracing that law as his own. Hence, being free in society requires each of us to subjugate our desires to the interests of all, the general will. Some have seen in this the promise of a free and equal relationship between society and the individual, while others have seen it as nothing less than a blueprint for totalitarianism. The Social Contract is not only one of the great defences of civil society, it is also unflinching in its study of the darker side of political systems.
Although new ventures’ competitive positioning and their founders’ social networks are both recognized as important in the context of transition economies, not much is known about their multiplicative effect on performance. We build on the strategic management literature and social network theory to develop theoretical predictions about the role of competitive strategies and social capital for entrepreneurial performance. These are tested with survey data from Bulgaria. We find that both the venture’s competitive strategic positioning and the founder’s networking positively influence performance. The hypothesized moderating effect of networking for the relationship between differentiation strategy and performance received only tentative support. Contrary to expectations, we find a negative moderating effect of networking for the relationship of cost leadership with performance. These results suggest that the entrepreneur’s network plays a role in shaping how strategies influence performance by possibly upholding differentiation and deemphasizing cost leadership strategy. Implications for managerial practice and public policy are discussed.
The Glossary of Social Science.F. Mesri: Payam-e-Noor University, Po Box 19395-3697,Tehran,I.R of IRAN. As a teacher I found that every time learners have many problems in translation of English vocabularies in different subject areas. So, I decided to gather those vocabularies related to social science book .Many students whose English is not their academic field have many problems in English vocabulary. The purpose of this book is that social science students to become familiar with the social texts vocabulary.The first chapter of this book is about the Study of Sociology. Chapter two is about Isolated Children. The chapter three is about Socialization. Chapter four is about Child Maltreatment.Chapter five is about Agents of Socialization(1).Chapter six is about Agents of Socialization(2): Family-Schools- Peers and Media.Chapter seven of this book is about Culture and Society. Chapter eight of this book is about Material and Non-material Culture.Chapter nine of this book is related to component of culture. Chapter ten of this book is about Technology, Culture and Diversity.I hope that in the future more books about English vocabularies will be written in different subject areas.
Stark is a secret consortium with more money than God, and the social conscience of a dog on a croquet lawn. What's more, it knows the Earth is dying. Deep in Western Australia where the Aboriginals used to milk the trees, a planet-sized plot is taking shape. Some green freaks pick up the scent: a pommie poseur; a brain-fried Vietnam vet; Aboriginals who have lost their land...not much against a conspiracy that controls society. But EcoAction isn't in society: it just lives in the same place, along with the cockroaches. If you're facing the richest and most disgusting scheme in history, you have to do more than stick up two fingers and say 'peace'.
Наука – театр непрекращающихся военных действий. В этой войне нет пактов о ненападении, жертв среди мирного населения или военных преступлений1. Но есть свои коалиции и альянсы, блестящие полководцы и грандиозные сражения, отчаянные марш-броски и продуманные контрнаступления. Оружие этой войны не имеет себе равных в поражающей силе и зоне покрытия, ведь в этом качестве ученые используют тексты. С этой точки зрения статья Дэвида Грациана – оружие, которое он использует в локальном сражении на территории городских исследований. Как подобает полководцу, Грациан тщательно подсчитывает доступные силы, оценивает укрепления противника, заручается поддержкой союзников, выверяет направление удара и планирует пути отступления; иллюстрацию каждого из этих ходов можно обнаружить в тексте при минимальном развитии социологического воображения.
ICT has been adopted as a means of teaching practice in most schools worldwide.Teachers are required to manage ICT and the digital realities of the 21st century with the aim not only to impart knowledge and to help their students develop their skills, but also to create educational environments and teaching opportunities that will exploit the potential of and benefit from the use of ICT. The transition from a traditional teaching/learning environment to an environment that uses and exploits ICT seems to create, in principle, a sense of novelty, an enthusiastic response from teachers and students. This book aims to familiarise teachers with the new ICT classroom environment so that they can educate students effectively and cultivate their ability to deepen the knowledge acquired to adapt it to their own personal, social and professional settings.
In "The Death of a Civil Servant", an administrative clerk accidentally sneezes on a hierarchical superior at the opera, which results in great embarrassment and hilarious and futile attempts at atonement. The other short stories included in this volume, "A Calculated Marriage", "The Culprit", "The Exclamation Mark", "The Speechmaker", "Who Is to Blame?", and "A Defenceless Creature" are in the same absurdly comical vein.
Few novelists have conveyed the subtleties and nuances of their own social milieu with the wit and insight of Jane Austen. Through her vivacious and spirited heroines and their circle, she paints vivid portraits of English middle-class life as the eighteenth century came to a close. Each of the novels is a love story and a story about marriage - marriage for love, for financial security, for social status. But they are not mere romances; ironic, comic and wise, they are masterly studies of the society Jane Austen observed. The seven novels in this volume contain some of the most brilliant, dazzling prose in the English language.
Back in 1975 Robin Lakoff in her book Language and Woman''s Place (1975, Harper & Row, New York) illustrated the situation of social disparity between sexes reflected in the use of language. She also hoped that once her book would be read by people whose society would have transcended the issues she described. The present investigation is an attempt to prove that our society is, indeed, on its way to transcending social inequality attached to the traditional concepts of femininity and masculinity. The author of the study monitors the process of gender discourse democratization as manifested in such widely-read life-style magazines as Men''s Health and Cosmopolitan. As a final result of her research, the author of the study exposes and classifies the evidence of co-penetration between what is known as ‘traditional'' male and female topics/situations, as well as language choices. This research could be interesting to both researchers of the field and general public due to its fresh outlook on the issue of language and gender as, instead of polarizing male and female discourse, it offers the evidence of unisex character that language appears to be acquiring currently.
Lady Susan Few novelists have conveyed the subtleties and nuances of their own social milieu with the wit and insight of Jane Austen. Through her vivacious and spirited heroines and their circle, she paints vivid portraits of English middle-class life as the eighteenth century came to a close. Each of the novels is a love story and a story about marriage - marriage for love, for financial security, for social status. But they are not mere romances; ironic, comic and wise, they are masterly studies of the society Jane Austen observed. The seven novels in this volume contain some of the most brilliant, dazzling prose in the English language.
Fleeing the workhouse, Oliver finds himself taken under the wing of the Artful Dodger and caught up with a group of pickpockets in London. As he tries to free himself from their clutches he becomes immersed in the seedy underbelly of the Capital, amongst criminals, prostitutes and the homeless. Dickens scathing attack on the cruelness of Victorian society features some of his most memorable and enduring characters, including innocent Oliver himself, the Artful Dodger, Fagin, Bill Sikes and Nancy.
The Shirley of the title is a woman of independent means; her friend Caroline is not. Both struggle with what a woman's role is and can be. Their male counterparts - Louis, the powerless tutor, and Robert, his cloth-manufacturing brother - also stand at odds to society's expectations. The novel is set in a period of social and political ferment, featuring class disenfranchisement, the drama of Luddite machine-breaking, and the divisive effects of the Napoleonic Wars. But Charlotte Brontes particular strength lies in exploring the hidden psychological drama of love, loss and the quest for identity. Personal and public agitation are brought together against the dramatic backdrop of her native Yorkshire. As always, Bronte challenges convention, exploring the limitations of social justice whilst telling not one but two love stories. With an Introduction and Notes by Sally Minogue.
In 'The Death of a Civil Servant', an administrative clerk accidentally sneezes on a hierarchical superior at the opera, which results in great embarrassment and hilarious and futile attempts at atonement. The other short stories included in this volume, 'A Calculated Marriage', 'The Culprit', 'The Exclamation Mark', 'The Speech-Maker', 'Who Is to Blame?' and 'A Defenceless Creature' are in the same absurdly comical vein. This short collection shows Chekhov in an amusing, playful light, poking fun at the greed, sycophancy and ignorance of his characters, with the moral detachment that also characterizes his major, serious works.
The main objective of this contribution is to propose different methodologies in order to find and compare new solutions for evaluating social projects. We have chosen two approaches: hedonic price and contingent valuation. These procedures can be presented in a quantitative and/or qualitative form. We emphasize the social assessment in terms of benefits of the related environmental projects.
Governments have policies on which languages can be used by teachers in schools. What is the impact of these policies on diverse societies? The Ethiopian policy on educational language of instruction now permits many different languages to be used in primary schools. This study looks at the interplay between socio-political changes in a diverse society, language planning and group identity formation. It compares the ways in which the change in Ethiopian educational policy has impacted the social group identities of two ethnic groups: the Gumuz and the Shinasha from Benishangul Gumuz Regional State. “Our hidden language will be visible for the future”, says a Shinasha father. A Gumuz elder says that “to start with our mother tongue is good. We have hope that we will be equal with the others in future”. In the words of a Shinasha elder: “If we plant the tree, and we take care of it, it will never die. Language is like that.” Besides the detailed comparison between the two ethnic groups, the study also examines how the policy on educational language of instruction emerged out of the context of the Ethiopian political situation, its rationale, aims and implementation.