As many Author works, social capital as a ‘resource'' or ‘enabling one'' that functions at wider levels- community and society as a whole in which social network, trust and mutuality are vital. Yet, who exactly involving in the process of nurturing social capital? Whether they do represent for the whole community, or just only elite capture? What is nature of motivations to build social capital; then what are ends of the social capital built? Capacity building for CBOs as a ‘means'' and an ‘end''. But, who ultimately access and control over decision-making. These CBOs whether or not have policies with the manner of democracy and pro-poor? In what contexts participation for strengthening local social capital taken place? Over the last ten years, the number of Vietnamese NGOs, with capable features that have involved in stimulating CBOs rapidly increases. However,the above questions must be still raised. This book presents the methodological effort of Center for Indigenous Knowledge Research and Development in enriching social capital for the sake of security of livelihood of the poor via strengthening CBOs in the Vietnam Socialist Communist context.
The social dimension of development studies has gained significance in recent decades. Civil society and social capital are, therefore, increasingly more examined as these concepts are widely discussed; and there are not many empirical country specific studies of them. Accordingly, this book focuses on local participation and social capital in women’s development projects in Turkey, with a central question revolving around the influence of internal vs. external financing on local participation in women’s development projects of NGOs. In order to examine the role of financing in local participation in women’s development projects, theoretical arguments focusing on development, civil society, women’s development and social capital are assessed to demonstrate the importance of local participation for sustainable development and women’s development projects for empowerment of women. Furthermore, an overview of Turkey’s history from the angle of civil society and women’s movement is presented to provide a background for the evolution of women’s NGOs and their work in Turkey. A sample of donors and externally and internally funded women’s development projects is selected as cases.
With the development of social interaction and with the human historical progress on the path of social, economic, moral, spiritual and philosophical perspectives, there is an opportunity to consider the phenomenon of civil society in a brand new range, the range of social factors of its formation and development. In this field of civil citizenship study and research, sociological concept of civil society is the most relevant. Using the theoretical and research tools of social science, we can highlight new aspects of civil citizenship and of social conditions impact on the formation of civil society.
Effective Management of Social Enterprise – Lessons from Business and Civil Society Organizations in Iberoamerica
This book synthesises those states-civil society relations that effect on institution-building processes, public value and social capital creating. A systematic study emphasis on how-why civil society organisations (CSOs) engage the state and could yield valuable lessons from partnership governance, watchdog, value adding, effective citizen participation in the decision-making and policy making. In order to develop a theoretical approach based on this insight a broader issue such as the ways in which power has been conceptualised, shaped, exercised and contested, and state-CSOs in a historical and theoretical context are considered. All parameters in the contemporary world order and globalisation in a broader perspective in framework of partnership governance to contribute to the debate about ideas and thoughts are introduced. The focus of study was on civil society in relationship to the state power, government and public participation through CSOs as the principle of partnership governance. This shows interactions between civil society and state institutions, civil society organisations (CSOs) and government departments (GDs) within an environment shaped by globalisation
This collection explores the possibilities for expanding and consolidating existing democratic spaces in Asia, under the pressure of market reforms. It provides new insights into the prospects for democratic consolidations in the region. The book explores the ways of going beyond the official and elitist discourses on constitutional democracy and economic development. It analyzes the complex challenges of deepening poverty and highlights the obstacles to the empowerment of marginalized communities, including women and ethno-religious minorities. The authors of this volume suggest ways to engender development through grassroots democracy in the new millennium.
In this study, the past and present of Turkish civil society and the Europeanization process will be explored, and the role of the EU in influencing developments by political conditionality will be assesses and the role of civil society in internalization of Europeanization and social learning also be considered. Finally, the applicability of EU conditionality and social learning models in studying the EU impact on Turkish civil society and thus, on democracy will be attempted.
Revision with unchanged content. Since the transition to democracy, the South African government’s response to the crisis of AIDS has been subject to much public debate and controversy. Of particular interest are the events surrounding the government’s initial decision to delay the implementation of an HIV-medications rollout program in South Africa. It was during this period that the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) established itself as a prominent AIDS activist organisation, and successfully pressured the government to reform its litigious HIV treatment policy. In this study the TAC’s ‘success’ is selected as a case and examined from the following thematic departures: - A discussion of the theoretical strengths of a popular-democratic perspective of civil society. - An overview of AIDS discourse, activism, and expertification. - The strategies used by the TAC to enable the participation of its membership (and HIV-positive patients) in key AIDS issues. - And, the political capacity for the continuation of AIDS-related participation in a ‘post-TAC’ society. This book is addressed to students, academics and researchers in the social sciences that are interested in the political and social affairs of HIV/AIDS.
This study focused on determination of factors for Sustainability of Civil Society Networks in Tanzania with a case study drawn from Dodoma region. The overall objective of the research was to assess the organizational sustainability of CSO Networks in Tanzania and strategies used as coping mechanisms in ensuring continuation of programs. The finding of this study evidenced the fact that most of the CSO networks are post – 2000 – as such they are relatively new, amateur and uninstitutionalized, with limited experienced leaders. These factors limit their sustainability potential. Whereas most networks have originated from the members themselves, a significant number of the networks were created with the influence of donors. In some cases, the later unleashed false expectations that the donors would assist them, a factor which stifled creativity and imagination in the networks to look for own source of funds. While there is quite a great potential in social capital, it remains largely untapped. There is need for CSO networks to tap resources from the domestic private sector by exploring the concept of corporate social responsibility. Some private corporations can be of great help.
This book seeks to examine the relationship between civil society and the process of democratization in Malaysia. Civil society is a key point in democratization strategies and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) play an important role in the democratization process in Malaysia. CSOs often push the government to hold fair and clean elections, or reform the judiciary, or adopt international human rights standards, or indeed take any of the other measures that a comprehensive process of democratization would require. CSOs would become the locomotives for democratization process alongside the political parties. The purpose of this book is to explore and explain the role of civil society in Malaysia in the process of democratization. Democracy is the final destination of democratization. The book covers the theoretical framework and methodology. The concepts of “the State”, “democracy”, “democratization”, “civil society” and “social capital” will be examined. Of course, the evolution of Malaysian civil society will also be explored.
Targeting academics, civil society, policy makers and students, this book employs Gramsci’s language of hegemony in order to explore the role of civil society in the struggle for social change in post-2000 Zimbabwe. It critiques reductionist approaches in the study of changing state-society relations in post-2000 Zimbabwe that identifies civil society exclusively with opposition politics and excludes organisations aligned to the ruling party, and therefore resulting in functionalist discussions that view civil society as necessarily anti-state. It demonstrates that a dense hegemonic civil society exists and is organically aligned to ZANU-PF in its advocacy for a social change based on transforming the terrain of the relations of social forces of production, albeit implementing this vision through coercive violence, persuasive but exclusionary nationalist politics. Confronting it, is a counter-hegemonic civil society aligned to the MDC, which deploys the discourses of constitutionalism and human rights to resist state hegemony and to unravel ZANU-PF’s violent nationalist project, but in ways devoid of a serious critique of the structural inequalities of a post-independent Zimbabwe.
During the 1990s Latin America experienced an expansion of extractive industries while developing its environmental law framework. However, the geographical and legal distances between the countries capital cities and the rural areas where natural resources are extracted challenged society and required citizens to activate the legal system. The areas of the cases studied share the presence of indigenous peoples, biodiversity and energy resources. The detailed cases studied shed light into the significance of citizen participation in public policy. The cases are an opportunity to draw some general conclusions about the political and legal context, the relevance of the legal and institutional design, the difficulties of regulating extractive industries and the opportunities for further policy development around environmental and indigenous people’s issues. The book is a significant contribution to understanding the tensions between the development of the environmental law and its concrete enforcement in individual cases. The findings and lessons portray the complexities of policy development and its implementation, particularly in multiethnic environments.
The Levant is currently experiencing a shift in social and political dynamics that have been central to its existence for the past few decades. This shift has come as a result of a broader regional movement that demands institutional reform and political freedom. These demands are fueled by a combination of corruption, increasing poverty, and a desire for better living conditions. This paper provides a comparative analysis at the different legal frameworks that govern civil society in the Levant and its effect on human rights protection in Jordan, Lebanon, and the occupied Palestinian Territories.
Strength Civil Society and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are vital for good governance, democratization and development. In the last decades the Bolivian Civil Society organized in the form of Social Movements, and started gaining force and raising their voices against the injustices and the inefficiency of the governments to give solution to their problems. One of the most important Social Movements in Bolivia is the cocaleros movement, the coca leaf growers'' movement. They spent more than thirty years fighting for what they considered to be their rights; they practically started form cero and created a strong organization that represents not only their particular interests, but the collective identity of their people. This work, based on a six months research among the cocaleros communities, academicians and civil society shows how this social movement emerged, how it has evolved over time and how its leaders managed to create perhaps the strongest social movement in the history of Bolivia.