Police function for enforcing law and maintaining order, ensuring life and property for citizens of the country and controlling crime and violence, which is linked to social service in modern democratic world. This entire responsibility mount on them heavy stress. Their personal life gets disturbed too, due to nature of their job, which is highly demanding. Life events and intrapsychic sources give rise to anxiety, frustrations and pressures in their lives. In recent years, rapid increase in negative incidences was observed in police organization, which not only affects police personnel, but hampers the organization also. Personality factors mediate between situational demands and their behaviour, which if negative, may lead to fatal consequences. So, it is relevant to investigate the various stresses and personality factors and its effects on mental health among police personnel as their psychological health is an emotion prerequisite of the society and state.Initial study has indicated presence of stress, negative personality factors and mental ill health.
The present study aims at finding out the relationship between occupational stress and mental ill health among the teachers. Occupational Stress Index was used to collect data from a sample of 100 teachers. Statistical techniques such as mean, standard deviation, t test and coefficient of correlation were employed for the analysis of data. Analysis of occupational index scores revealed that teachers are moderately stressed. It is found through correlational analysis that occupational stress is significantly related with anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction. t-tests indicated significant differences between high and low occupational stress groups of teachers with relation to dimensions of mental ill health.
It is theoretically justified that the personality needs and adjustment of teachers directly and indirectly affected by the cause of stress.The stress among teachers mainly depends upon the teachers personality needs and adjustment. The present book titled as "Relationship among Teachers Stress, Personality needs and Adjustment” is based on the rationale which has been derived on the basis of some research findings and assumptions. This book will provide an insight into the nature of stress among teachers and can help to reduce the feeling of stress among them so that they can perform their duties successfully. The book focused the responsible factors for stress among teachers. It was analysed by the educational schools and colleges with teachers to combat stress, to improve their working conditions. The teachers may also increase the adjustment among the troubled situations and try to prevent the stress.
Academic work in learning environment poses great challenges both mentally, physically and psychologically on the learner. The academic challenges are very stressful and different learners respond mentally to such pressures differently. Stress associated with academic activities has been linked to various negative outcomes such as poor mental health, depression as well as poor academic performance. Youths in colleges at the pursuit of their academic career face a lot of challenges that cause stress and affecting their mental health status. Mental health as a psychological phenomenon is produced by the psychological state of the body. This book contains a report of a study carried out on academic stress and mental health among the youth. The findings reported in this book will be of immense benefits to youths in higher institution of learning, faculties and colleges, research institutions, researchers, college counsellors, psychologists, psychiatrists, administrators, educational policy maker, curriculum developer, teachers, parents as well as the society in general since it is geared towards understanding the role, effect, and relationship between academic stress and mental health.
While a number of studies have indicated disparities in mental health services use among African-Americans, specific factors that account for within-group disparities have not been thoroughly addressed. With current trend towards cultural competency in social work practice, Clinicians are expected to understand the influence of culture on attitudes and help-seeking behaviors of ethic minority groups. This book focused on cultural beliefs and values that are responsible for within-group differences in mental health services use and clarifies the relationship among variables that connect African-American youths' attitudes with mental illness and its system of care delivery. The analysis should help provide guidance for health policy-makers in designing effective consumer health campaigns, policies, and education programs to encourage mental health service utilization among ethnic minority groups.
In recent years, the frequent reports of suicide & fragging incidents among armed force personnel have prompted several questions about the negative effects of violence & stressful job conditions on soldiers’ well-being (WB). The prescriptive conception of mental health (MH) is inadequate to understand & explain the complex matrix of interacting variables affecting the MH of the soldiers. The interwoven nature of various social determinants of health which are operational at the workplace, such as the complexity of the hierarchical social categories reflected in caste, class, & power, work jointly to produce vulnerability & stress, thereby affecting the MH & WB of the armed force personnel. With the aim of conceptualizing stress in military settings & its effects on soldiers’ WB, the present work attempts to explore the complex interrelationships between a soldier & her/his work, organizational structures and processes, & the environment within which they operate. At the broadest level, the findings of the study reiterate the fact that MH is a multi-factorial, multi-dimensional state & that material conditions is not the only factor to determine the state of MH & WB of a soldier.
Stress is unavoidable phenomena of our modern life. Everyone is facing stress in this age of LPG (liberalization, privatization and globalization). Certain amount of short term stress is good for performance but chronic and several stresses adversely affect individual’s performance and health both. Effect of stress on health is moderated/ mediated by several individual and environmental factors; Affect related ability (emotional intelligence) and traits (Alexithymia, affect intensity, Positive and negative affect) are among them. A comprehensive study of stress and its impact on several measures of health along with moderating / mediating role of affect related ability and traits have been covered in this book. This work is carried out on adult Indian sample with broad range of demographical variables. This book will be a helping hand for reader and stress management practitioners as it is approached with individual’s emotion in stress –health relationship particularly in Asian context where collectivistic culture is dominant which is different from Western Individualistic culture.
India''s 1.1 million-strong army and paramilitary forces has recorded an annual average of 100 suicides in recent years, mainly due to stress, mental health problems and other personal issues. The purpose of the study was to compare Occupational Stress, Frustration Tolerance and Mental Health among BSF, PAC and CISF.For this study, one fifty male subordinate officers and other personnel of different rank categories (Sepoy to Sub Inspector) from each force of various battalions and places were randomly selected as a subject and the age of the subjects were ranging from 19-24 years. All the subjects belonged to different states and union territories of India and all the subjects had a minimum of three years job experience.The qualitative measurement of each subjects were taken with the help of Occupational Stress Index (OSI), Frustration Tolerance (FRTO) Inventory and Mental Health Battery (MHB). In order to ascertain significance of difference among the three groups the analysis of variance was employed and the level of significance was set at 0.5.
This book mainly focuses on issues of diagnosis, identification of factors associated with mental illness, and approaches to promote mental health in incarcerated people. Due to many factors in prisons that have negative effects on mental health, including: overcrowding, various forms of violence, lack of privacy, lack of meaningful activity, isolation from social networks, and insecurity about future prospects, mental health problems are expected to be more prevalent in prison population than those found in comparable community samples. The empirical research findings reported in this book can contribute some valuable data to the scarcely available study findings on the magnitude of mental disorders in prisons thereby creating awareness concerning the extent to which mental health problems are threatening in prisons. Prevalence data on specific mental disorders have practical importance for two important purposes: First they are required for scientific understanding of a disorder which will enable us to describe association, etiology, natural history and identification of new syndromes. Secondly they are also of vital importance for planning and evaluation of mental health.
Emotion is an authentic component of everyday work life. The sagacious use of emotions or emotional intelligence in the workplace is being recognized as an influential factor in organizational effectiveness, leadership, and work outcomes. Likewise, the social and emotional competencies of work teams are purported to improve the effectiveness in an organization. Emotionally intelligent leaders are believed to be critically important for organizational success. This exploratory study focused on examining the relationship of emotional intelligence and leadership excellence with organizational effectiveness among police personnel. The study looked at the process and structure of Indian police force and examined how they differ on different components of EI. Moreover, an effort was made to demonstrate that how leadership style and its effectiveness contributes in improving organizational effectiveness. The results of the study suggest that a positive, caring, and supportive work environment can predict a team's effectiveness. These findings imply that police leadership can try to create team & workplace that would foster, value, and reward positive and respectful working relationships.
“Knowing others is wisdom, knowing yourself is enlightenment” - Lao Tzu In today’s world of extreme work conditions and unyielding stress, comfort arises through appreciation and understanding of occupational conditions. Vital aspects include – How important is mental health for coping with work? Does age, gender or marital status influence job pressure? How do job satisfaction and job involvement impact stress levels? How does emotional intelligence shape handling of tensions at work? What is learned helplessness on the job? This book is an analysis of contemporary factors that determine the effect of organizational stress and job pressure on the individual. Various characteristics like hardiness, emotional intelligence, work ethic, learned helplessness, etc have been explored for their causative effects. The investigations help identify factors that are predictors of organizational stress and job pressure amongst men and women executives. Stress has a predominantly detrimental impact on work performance. This study provides meaningful insights on stress that can be utilized for improvement of individuals.
Dental nurses and dentists are constantly exposed to a number of specific work-related health risk factors which develop and intensify with years, awareness regarding these work-related health risk factors and implementation of preventive health care measures can provide a safe work environment for all dental nurses and dentists. Areas which require special attentions are radiation protection, knowledge in ergonomics, post exposure prophylaxis after “sharps” injury and stress management. This can be carried out by carrying various informative programs like continuing dental education programs, seminars, and workshops on prevention of work-related health risk factors in the region.
In the age of information and technology, social life of any human being is like robot and effect lot of psychological features in a human. Mental health of any child is crucial for there life long processes. There are many factors which effect it, searching those and taking it into consideration for there growth and development will lead to boon in there life. This book is small effort to find some of these factors and enhancing development of school going children.
Teacher stress is a real phenomenon and is associated with problems of recruitment,health and retention of teachers. Research has shown that teachers stress is reliably associated with a number of variables, including those intrinsic to the job, individual cognitive vulnerability and systemic factors. There are however important gaps in our understanding of teacher stress, most notably regarding effective interventions. The current research base is not adequate to allow us to devise effective programmers to reduce teacher stress. The modern jet age world, which is said to be a world of amazing achievements, is also a horrible world of stress. We find stress everywhere whether it be within the family, business organization enterprise or any other social or economic activity.
More than several decades of cardiac psychology research focused on determining psychological risk factors like low socio-economic status, lack of social support, personality factors, stress at work and family life, depression, anxiety etc. actually affect the heart. Including, how environmental factors such as emergency room crowding affect patients outcomes and how positive emotions such as optimism and happiness may protect the cardiovascular system. This book will be of interest to general physicians, psychologists, mental health counselors, psychology & psychiatric social work students, and the general health professionals in India and other countries.